Plastics

Legal status:  
  EU Regulations Regulation EC 1935/2004, Regulation EC 1895/2005
  EU Directives

Regulation (EU) 10/2011 as amended by Regulation (EU) 321/2011 and Regulation (EU) 1282/2011
Provisional list of additives<
Regulation on recycled plastics: EC 282/2008
Testing related legislation:
Time/temperature: codification of 82/711/EEC as amended by 93/8/EEC and 97/48/EC
Simulants: codification of 85/572/EC as amended by 2007/19/EC

 
  EU countries with additional legislation France, Germany, Greece, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain
  FDA legislation
21 CFR 177.1010 Acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, semirigid and rigid.
21 CFR 177.1020 Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene copolymer.
21 CFR 177.1030 Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene/methyl methacrylate copolymer.
21 CFR 177.1040 Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer.
21 CFR 177.1060 n-Alkylglutarimide/acrylic copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1211 Crosslinked polyacrylate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1240 1,4-Cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate and 1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene isophthalate copolymer.
21 CFR 177.1310 Ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1312 Ethylene-carbon monoxide copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1315 Ethylene-1, 4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1320 Ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1340 Ethylene-methyl acrylate copolymer resins.
21 CFR 177.1345 Ethylene/1,3-phenylene oxyethylene isophthalate/ terephthalate copolymer.
21 CFR 177.1350 Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1360 Ethylene-vinyl acetate-vinyl alcohol copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1380 Fluorocarbon resins.
21 CFR 177.1390 Laminate structures for use at temperatures of 250 F and above.
21 CFR 177.1395 Laminate structures for use at temperatures between 120 F and 250 F.
21 CFR 177.1400 Hydroxyethyl cellulose film, water-insoluble.
21 CFR 177.1420 Isobutylene polymers.
21 CFR 177.1430 Isobutylene-butene copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1440 4,4′-Isopropylidenediphenol-epichlorohydrin resins minimum molecular weight 10,000.
21 CFR 177.1460 Melamine-formaldehyde resins in molded articles.
21 CFR 177.1500 Nylon resins.
21 CFR 177.1520 Olefin polymers.
21 CFR 177.1550 Perfluorocarbon resins.
21 CFR 177.1555 Polyarylate resins.
21 CFR 177.1556 Polyaryletherketone resins.
21 CFR 177.1560 Polyarylsulfone resins.
21 CFR 177.1570 Poly-1-butene resins and butene/ethylene copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1580 Polycarbonate resins.
21 CFR 177.1585 Polyestercarbonate resins.
21 CFR 177.1590 Polyester elastomers.
21 CFR 177.1595 Polyetherimide resin.
21 CFR 177.1600 Polyethylene resins, carboxyl modified.
21 CFR 177.1610 Polyethylene, chlorinated.
21 CFR 177.1615 Polyethylene, fluorinated.
21 CFR 177.1620 Polyethylene, oxidized.
21 CFR 177.1630 Polyethylene phthalate polymers.
21 CFR 177.1632 Poly (phenyl&chyph;enetereph&chyph;thala&chyph;mide) resins.
21 CFR 177.1635 Poly(p-methylstyrene) and rubber-modified poly(p-methylstyrene).
21 CFR 177.1637 Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyloxycarbonyl-2,6-naphthalenediylcarbonyl) resins.
21 CFR 177.1640 Polystyrene and rubber-modified polystyrene.
21 CFR 177.1650 Polysulfide polymer-polyepoxy resins.
21 CFR 177.1655 Polysulfone resins.
21 CFR 177.1660 Poly (tetramethylene terephthalate).
21 CFR 177.1670 Polyvinyl alcohol film.
21 CFR 177.1680 Polyurethane resins.
21 CFR 177.1810 Styrene block polymers.
21 CFR 177.1820 Styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1830 Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1900 Urea-formaldehyde resins in molded articles.
21 CFR 177.1950 Vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1960 Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1970 Vinyl chloride-lauryl vinyl ether copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1980 Vinyl chloride-propylene copolymers.
21 CFR 177.1990 Vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.2000 Vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate polymers.
21 CFR 177.2210 Ethylene polymer, chloro-sulfonated.
21 CFR 177.2280 4,4′-Isopropylidenediphenolepichlorohydrin thermosetting epoxy resins.
21 CFR 177.2355 Mineral reinforced nylon resins.
21 CFR 177.2410 Phenolic resins in molded articles.
21 CFR 177.2415 Poly(aryletherketone) resins.
21 CFR 177.2420 Polyester resins, crosslinked.
21 CFR 177.2430 Polyether resins, chlorinated.
21 CFR 177.2440 Polyethersulfone resins.
21 CFR 177.2450 Polyamide-imide resins.
21 CFR 177.2460 Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene) oxide resins.
21 CFR 177.2465 Polymethylmethacrylate/poly(trimethoxysilylpropyl)methacrylate copolymers.
21 CFR 177.2470 Polyoxymethylene copolymer.
21 CFR 177.2480 Polyoxymethylene homopolymer.
21 CFR 177.2490 Polyphenylene sulfide resins.
21 CFR 177.2500 Polyphenylene sulfone resins.
21 CFR 177.2510 Polyvinylidene fluoride resins.
21 CFR 177.2710 Styrene-divinylbenzene resins, cross-linked.
21 CFR 180.22 Acrylonitrile copolymers.
21 CFR 181.32 Acrylonitrile copolymers and resins.
Non-legal binding guidelines  
  Council of Europe Resolution AP (89) 1 on the use of colorants in plastic materials coming into contact with food

Resolution AP (92) 2 on control of aids to polymerisation for plastic materials and articles

  Codex Alimentaris Guideline levels for vinyl chloride monomer and acrylonitrile in food and packaging material
  CEN/ISO methods  
  • EN 1186-1:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 1: Guide to the selection of conditions and test methods for overall migration. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-2:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 2: Test methods for overall migration into olive oil by total immersion. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-3:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 3: Test methods for overall migration into aqueous food simulants by total immersion. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-4:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 4: Test methods for overall migration into olive oil by cell. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-5:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 5: Test methods for overall migration into aqueous food simulants by cell. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-6:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 6: Test methods for overall migration into olive oil using a pouch. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-7:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 7: Test methods for overall migration into aqueous food simulants using a pouch. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-8:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 8: Test methods for overall migration into olive oil by article filling. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-9:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 9: Test methods for overall migration into aqueous food simulants by article filling. Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-10:2002, December 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 10: Test methods for overall migration into olive oil (modified method for use in cases where incomplete extraction of olive oil occurs). Link to an unofficial method description
  • EN 1186-11:2002 Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 11: Test methods for overall migration into mixtures of C-labelled synthetic triglycerides.
  • EN 1186-12:2002, June 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 12: Test methods for overall migration at low temperatures.
  • EN 1186-13:2002, December 2002,  Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 13: Test methods for overall migration at high temperatures. 
  • EN 1186-14:2002, December 2002,  Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 14: Test methods for 'substitute tests' for overall migration from plastics intended to come into contact with fatty foodstuffs using test media iso-octane and 95 % ethanol.
  • EN 1186-15:2002, December 2002,  Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics - Part 15: Alternative test methods to migration into fatty food simulants by rapid extraction into iso-octane and/or 95 % ethanol.
  • EN 1900, September 1998 Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Non-metallic tableware - Terminology
  • EN 13130-1, July 2004 , Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics substances subject to limitation -Part : Guide to test methods for the specific migration of substances from plastics to foods and food simulants and the determination of substances in plastics and the selection of conditions of exposure to food simulants
  • EN 13130-2:2004 Determination of terephthalic acid in food simulants
  • EN 13130-3:2004 Determination of acrylonitrile in food and food simulants
  • EN 13130-5:2004 Determination of vinylidene chloride in food simulants
  • EN 13130-7:2004 Determination of monoethylene glycol and diethylene glycol in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-9:2006 Determination of acetic acid, vinyl ester in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-10:2006 Determination of acrylamide in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-11:2006 Determination of 11-aminoundecanoic acid in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-12:2006 Determination of 1,3-benzenedimethanamine in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-13:2006 Determination of 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane (Bisphenol A) in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-14:2006 Determination of 3,3-bis(3-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-indoline in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-15:2006 Determination of 1,3-butadiene in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-16:2006 Determination of caprolactam and caprolactam salt in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-18:2006 Determination of 1,2-dihydroxybenzene, 1,3-dihydroxybenzene, 1,4-dihydroxybenzene, 4,4'-dihydroxybenzophenone and 4,4'dihydroxybiphenyl in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-19:2006 Determination of dimethylaminoethanol in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-21:2006 Determination of ethylenediamine and hexamethylenediamine in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-23:2006 Determination of formaldehyde and hexamethylenetetramine in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-24:2006 Determination of maleic acid and maleic anhydride in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-25:2006 Determination of 4-methyl-1-pentene in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-26:2006 Determination of 1-octene and tetrahydrofuran in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-27:2006 Determination of 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine in food simulants
  • CEN/TS 13130-28:2006 Determination of 1,1,1-trimethylolpropane in food simulants
  • EN 14233, September 2002, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics -Determination of temperature of plastics materials and articles at the plastics/food interface during microwave and conventional oven heating in order to select the appropriate temperature for migration testing
  • EN 14481, May 2003, Materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs - Plastics -Test methods for the determination of fatty contact
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